Roux Sauce Recipe (Rich And Silky Taste)

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The best bet for a rich and silky sauce is a classic Roux Sauce Recipe . Start by melting butter in a pan, then whisk in an equal amount of flour. The aim is to achieve a smooth mixture. If you’re confused, keep the heat low and stir continuously. Gradually add milk, and watch as the mixture thickens. For example, add cheese for a Mornay sauce.The benefits are endless. You must plan to give it a try!

Many might find themselves frustrated when making the perfect sauce for their dishes. The lumps and inconsistent texture can often lead to a disappointing meal.

In my experience, the Roux Sauce Recipe has been my go-to solution, providing a consistent and smooth base for all my sauces.

The first time I attempted a roux sauce was during a trip to France, where I had tasted an exquisite cheese sauce at a local bistro. The richness and velvety texture of the sauce had me yearning to recreate it at home. 

Roux Sauce Recipe

I remember standing in my kitchen, armed with butter, flour, and milk, determined to replicate that mouth-watering experience.

It’s important to note that the roux sauce recipe is versatile and can be used as a base for various sauces, making it a staple in any kitchen.

With this recipe, you will find ways to elevate your dishes, just like I did. So, plan to gather your ingredients and give it a try. The benefits are countless, and your taste buds will thank you!

What Is Roux Sauce?

A roux sauce is a classic thickening agent used in many recipes. The aim is to create a smooth, lump-free base that can be transformed into a range of sauces, such as béchamel or cheese sauce. In my experience, a good roux sauce is essential for dishes like macaroni and cheese or lasagna.

To make a roux sauce, melt butter in a pan. Next, add an equal amount of flour and whisk the mixture until smooth. Gradually add milk, stirring continuously, until the sauce thickens. If you’re confused, keep the heat low and be patient. 

History Of Roux Sauce Recipe 

The roux sauce recipe has a rich history dating back to France in the 17th century. It’s important to note that roux is a French word that translates to “reddish-brown” in English.

However, the sauce can range from white to brown, depending on how long the flour is cooked.

The exact origin and inventor of the roux sauce recipe are unclear. However, it was popularized by the renowned French chef Auguste Escoffier, who utilized the roux as a base for many of his signature dishes. 

In my experience, the roux sauce has found its way into various cuisines, from Middle Eastern to European. It has become a staple in many kitchens around the world. 

Interesting Facts About Roux Sauce Recipe

Explore the creamy and versatile world of Crema Sauce, a staple in Latin American cuisine known for its smooth, tangy flavor that enhances a variety of dishes.


Roux sauce traces its roots back to French cuisine, known for its culinary finesse.

Base For Many Dishes

This versatile sauce serves as the foundation for classic dishes like gumbo, béchamel, and gravy.

Color Variety

Roux comes in various shades, from white to dark brown, influencing the flavor and appearance of the final dish.

Culinary Alchemy

The magic of roux lies in the equal parts of flour and fat, transforming into a thickening agent with a unique taste.

French Influence

The term “roux” is French for “red,” named after the sauce’s characteristic color.

Culinary Essential

Achieving the perfect roux requires precise stirring to prevent lumps and ensure a smooth consistency.

Stirring Technique

Achieving the perfect roux requires precise stirring to prevent lumps and ensure a smooth consistency

Jar And Ingredients

What Are The Regional Adaptations Of This Sauce?

Roux sauce is a versatile base used in various regional dishes worldwide. In France, it’s the foundation for classic sauces like béchamel and Mornay.

In the United States, it’s essential for creamy macaroni and cheese. It is also used in Cajun and Creole cuisine to make gumbo. 

In Italy, a roux-like mixture is used for some lasagna recipes. In my experience, Middle Eastern cuisines also incorporate roux sauce in some dishes, adding their unique spices and flavors

The benefits of this sauce are evident in its global adaptation, as chefs find ways to incorporate it into their traditional dishes, highlighting the sauce’s universal appeal and functionality.

What Will Make You Love This Roux Sauce Recipe? 

The best bet for a versatile sauce base that will elevate any dish is the roux sauce recipe. It’s important to note that the simple combination of butter, flour, and milk can create many delicious sauces.

For example, add cheese for a rich Mornay sauce perfect for vegetables or pasta. The benefits of mastering this recipe are endless.

In my experience, the roux sauce provides a smooth, lump-free texture unmatched by other thickening agents.

The consistency of the sauce allows for easy blending with additional ingredients, making it a staple in my kitchen. 

If you’re worried about the complexity, remember that the beauty of this recipe lies in its simplicity. So, make sure you plan to try it, and you might just find yourself falling in love with the versatility and richness of the roux sauce.

Bowl And Spoon

Ingredients List

Butter (or oil, fat drippings from roast or bacon)¼ cup
Flour¼ cup

Ingredient Tips 

  • Aim to use high-quality butter for a richer flavor.
  • If you’re worried about dairy, try oil or fat drippings as a substitute.
  • Make sure the butter or fat is completely melted before adding the flour.
  • Remember to sift the flour to avoid lumps.
  • The flour and fat ratio should always be 1:1 for a perfect roux.
  • If you’re confused about which flour to use, all-purpose flour is the best bet.
  • In my experience, using a whisk helps achieve a smoother consistency.
  • Find ways to experiment with different fats and flours to suit your taste.
  • However, always ensure the mixture is smooth and lump-free before adding liquid.

What Are The Variations Of Roux Sauce Recipe?

The roux sauce recipe can be adapted to create different sauces. The best bet for a classic white sauce is to add milk to the roux, resulting in a béchamel sauce. This can then be transformed into a Mornay sauce by adding cheese. 

If you’re confused about what cheese to use, Gruyère or Parmesan are excellent options.In my experience, another variation is to use stock instead of milk for a velouté sauce, which can be used as a base for gravies. 

However, it’s important to remember that the foundation of these sauces is the roux, so make sure it’s smooth and lump-free.

Other variations include adding herbs, spices, or other flavorings to the sauce, allowing you to create a unique and personalized sauce for your dish.


Recipe Directions

Cooking Method

  • Melt butter in a 10-inch skillet over medium-low heat.
  • When the foaming subsides, add the flour.
  • Whisk constantly until flour turns the desired color.
  • Simmer for one to two minutes to make a white roux.
  • Cook for 3 minutes to get a blond roux.
  • For a brown roux (used for gravy), cook for 5-6 minutes.
  • Gradually add the chosen liquid, whisking until smooth after each addition.
  • Season with the remaining seasoning called for in your recipe.
  • Simmer for a minute or two longer to allow the flavors to meld.

In the world of sauces, Roux is king, offering a foundation of richness and depth, pivotal in transforming liquids into culinary magic.

Scaling The Roux Sauce Recipe

When you plan to scale the roux sauce recipe, it’s important to remember that the flour-to-fat ratio must always be 1:1.

This is your best bet for achieving the desired thickness and consistency. For example, if you’re serving a larger crowd and must double the recipe, simply use ½ cup of flour and ½ cup of fat. 

Conversely, if you’re cooking for fewer people, reduce the ingredients to 1/8 cup each. In my experience, the key to a successful roux sauce is patience and precision. Make sure you whisk the mixture continuously to avoid lumps.

Roux Sauce Recipe

Can This Sauce Be Used As A Marinade, Dipping Sauce, Or Dressing For Salads? 

A roux sauce is traditionally used as a base for other sauces and gravies, not typically as a marinade, dipping sauce, or salad dressing. However, with a few modifications, it’s possible to adapt it. 

If you plan to use it as a marinade, you might want to thin it out with additional liquid such as stock or wine and add desired seasonings. For a dipping sauce, consider adding cheese, herbs, or spices to enhance the flavor. 

As for a salad dressing, while it’s an unconventional choice, you can experiment by adding vinegar, mustard, or other dressing ingredients to achieve the right consistency and taste. 

What Are The Best Dishes To Accompany Roux Sauce Recipe?

Classic Chicken Alfredo

Combine roux sauce with Parmesan and garlic for a velvety Alfredo sauce to toss with pasta and grilled chicken.

Creamy Broccoli Casserole

Enhance the richness of a broccoli casserole with a luscious roux-based cheese sauce.

Beefy Béchamel Lasagna

Layer a meaty lasagna with a hearty béchamel sauce made using roux for a comforting family dinner.

Seafood Newburg

Elevate seafood indulgence by incorporating roux sauce into the Newburg, featuring lobster, shrimp, or crab.

Vegetarian Pot Pie

Create a savory pot pie filling with roux sauce, combining seasonal vegetables and herbs for a hearty, meat-free delight.

Mushroom Risotto Bliss

Stir up a creamy mushroom risotto by incorporating roux sauce for a luxurious and comforting side dish.

Elegant Eggs Benedict

Perfect your Eggs Benedict by drizzling hollandaise sauce, made with roux, over poached eggs and Canadian bacon atop English muffins.

Roux Sauce Recipe

What Are Some Classic Dishes That Feature Roux Sauce Recipe?

Numerous classic dishes feature roux sauce as a key ingredient. One of the best bets for comfort food is macaroni and cheese, where the roux sauce provides the creamy base for the cheese.

Another popular dish that benefits from a roux sauce is lasagna, adding richness to the layers of pasta and cheese.

In my experience, seafood dishes like shrimp and grits or creamy fish pie also commonly use roux sauce. Additionally, classic French dishes such as coq au vin or beef bourguignon often incorporate roux sauce as a thickening agent for the gravy. 

Other examples include potato bake, vegetable gratin, and chicken pot pie. These dishes showcase the versatility and importance of mastering the roux sauce recipe.

What Are The Key Flavor Profiles And Taste Sensations Roux Sauce Recipe Offers?

The roux sauce recipe provides a base that can be adapted to create various flavor profiles and taste sensations. At its core, the sauce offers a rich, creamy texture with a mild buttery flavor that comes from the combination of flour and fat. 

If you plan to use butter, the sauce might have a slightly nutty taste, especially if the flour is cooked to a darker color.

The beauty of the roux sauce lies in its versatility. You can easily add seasonings, herbs, spices, or other ingredients to tailor the flavor to your preference. 

Whether you’re aiming for a savory, cheesy Mornay sauce or a decadent chocolate sauce for dessert, the possibilities are endless.

The benefits of mastering this simple recipe are evident in the range of dishes it can elevate, making it a staple in any kitchen.

Jar And Spoon

Can This Sauce Be Stored And Preserved For Future Use? What Is Its Shelf Life?

Roux sauce can indeed be stored and preserved for future use, which is one of its many benefits. If you plan to store the sauce, allow it to cool completely before transferring it to an airtight container. It can be kept in the refrigerator for up to one week. 

If you’re worried about the sauce thickening as it cools, remember to whisk it thoroughly when reheating to restore its smooth consistency.

The sauce can also be frozen for up to three months. However, it’s important to note that the texture might change slightly upon thawing. 

What Are The Substitutes For Roux Sauce Recipe?

Suppose you’re looking for a substitute for roux sauce. In that case, several options are available depending on your dietary needs.

One alternative is to use cornstarch or arrowroot as a thickening agent instead of flour. This is a good option if you’re gluten-free.

Another possibility is to use a mixture of mashed potatoes or pureed vegetables, which can add thickness and creaminess to a dish.

This adds an extra layer of flavor and nutrition. If you’re worried about the fat content, consider using a lower-fat alternative like yogurt or cream cheese.

Additionally, there are commercially available gluten-free and low-fat sauce mixes that can serve as a substitute for roux sauce. However, read the labels carefully to ensure they meet your dietary needs. 

Roux Sauce Recipe

How To Adjust The Consistency Of The Sauce?

Adjusting the consistency of the roux sauce is quite straightforward. If the sauce is too thick, the best bet is to gradually add more liquid, such as milk or stock, until the desired consistency is reached. Remember to whisk continuously to ensure a smooth texture. 

Conversely, if the sauce is too thin, you can either cook it for longer to allow it to reduce or add more roux.

Achieving the perfect consistency might take some practice. Still, it’s essential to be patient and make adjustments as needed.

Should We Serve The Sauce Cold Or Warm?

The roux sauce is typically served warm to maintain its smooth and creamy texture. When the sauce cools, it can become thicker and lose its desired consistency.

However, if you plan to use the sauce as a base for a dish that will be refrigerated, such as a casserole or gratin, serving it cold is acceptable.

In my experience, the sauce can be made and reheated before serving. If you’re worried about the sauce becoming lumpy when reheated, remember to whisk it continuously to restore its smooth texture. 

Roux Sauce Recipe

Nutritional Values

The roux sauce recipe is a rich and creamy addition to any dish, with its main components being flour and fat.

However, it’s important to note that this sauce has high calories and fat content. For a healthier option, consider using a lower-fat alternative or incorporating more vegetables for added nutrition.

What Are The Total Calories In Roux Sauce Recipe?

The total calories in the roux sauce recipe depend on the specific ingredients used and the serving size. However, it’s important to remember that the sauce is made from fat (butter, oil, or fat drippings) and flour, both of which are calorie-dense. 

For example, 1/4 cup of butter contains approximately 400 calories, and 1/4 cup of flour contains about 110 calories.

This brings the total calorie content for the base roux sauce to around 510 calories. If additional ingredients such as milk, cheese, or seasonings are added, the calorie content will increase accordingly. 

Roux Sauce is the canvas of cooking, a simple yet profound blend of flour and fat, setting the stage for countless flavors.

Dietary Restrictions Of The Roux Sauce Recipe

The roux sauce recipe has several dietary restrictions to be aware of:

  • Gluten: Traditional roux sauce uses flour as a thickening agent, which contains gluten.
  • Dairy: The sauce typically contains butter, which is a dairy product.
  • Fat Content: Roux sauce is high in fat due to the butter or other fat used in the recipe.
  • Calories: The sauce is calorie-dense, as flour and fat are high in calories.
  • Vegetarian/Vegan: The recipe can be vegetarian using vegetable oil or fat drippings from a vegetarian source. However, it is not vegan unless plant-based alternatives are used for fat and flour components.

Nutrition Table

Nutrition table

What Are The Common Mistakes While Making This Sauce?

When making roux sauce, there are several common mistakes to avoid:

  • Not maintaining a 1:1 flour-to-fat ratio: This is crucial for achieving the right consistency.
  • Over or under-cooking the flour: The cooking time affects the color and flavor of the sauce, so make sure to follow the recipe instructions.
  • Failing to whisk continuously: This can result in lumps in the sauce.
  • Adding liquid too quickly: Add the liquid gradually and whisk thoroughly to prevent lumps from forming.
  • Using the wrong type of fat: Different fats will affect the sauce’s flavor, so choose accordingly.
  • Not seasoning the sauce: Seasoning is vital for enhancing the sauce’s flavor.
  • Not adjusting the consistency: If the sauce is too thick or thin, correct it before serving.

What Are Some Creative Uses Of Leftover Sauce?

There are many creative ways to use leftover roux sauce:

  • Macaroni and Cheese: Mix with cooked pasta and cheese for a quick and delicious meal.
  • Gravy: Add to meat drippings for a rich and flavorful gravy.
  • Creamed Vegetables: Mix with cooked vegetables for a creamy side dish.
  • Potato Bake: Use as a base for a decadent potato bake.
  • Seafood Casserole: Combine with seafood and breadcrumbs for a comforting casserole.
  • Soups and Stews: Add to soups and stews for extra creaminess and thickness.
  • Fondue: Mix with cheese and wine for a delicious fondue.
  • Sandwich Spread: Use as a spread for sandwiches or wraps.
  • Dip: Combine with cheese and herbs for a tasty dip.
  • Crepes: Fill crepes with the sauce and your choice of fillings.
Roux Sauce Recipe

Special Tools & Equipment Needed 

  • Whisk: A whisk is essential for stirring the flour and fat and preventing lumps from forming.
  • Skillet or Saucepan: A 10-inch skillet or saucepan is required for cooking the roux.
  • Measuring Cups: These are needed for measuring out the flour and fat.
  • Spatula: A spatula is useful for stirring and ensuring the roux cooks evenly.
  • Grater: A grater may be required if cheese is to be added to the sauce.
  • Knife: A knife will be necessary if any additional ingredients, such as herbs, need to be chopped.
  • Cutting Board: A cutting board is needed for chopping any additional ingredients.
  • Mixing Bowls: These are useful for combining ingredients or for holding the sauce once it is made.
  • Storage Containers: Airtight containers are required for storing leftover sauce.
  • Refrigerator or Freezer: These are needed to preserve the sauce for future use.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can I Use A Different Type Of Fat Instead Of Butter?

Yes, you can substitute the butter with other types of fat, such as oil, bacon fat, or fat drippings from a roast.

How Can I Prevent Lumps From Forming In My Roux Sauce?

Make sure to whisk constantly while adding the flour to the melted butter and also when adding the liquid. This will help prevent lumps from forming.

Can I Make The Roux Sauce Ahead Of Time?

Yes, you can make the sauce and reheat it before serving. Remember to whisk continuously while reheating to restore its smooth texture.

What Can I Use The Roux Sauce For?

Roux sauce can be used as a base for various dishes, including macaroni and cheese, gravy, creamed vegetables, and more.

Can I Make A Gluten-Free Version Of The Roux Sauce?

Yes, you can make a gluten-free version by substituting the flour with a gluten-free alternative. Make sure to check that the other ingredients used are also gluten-free.

Roux Sauce Recipe (Rich And Silky Taste)

Recipe by Lana Rivera Course: Sauces


Cooking time





This classic Roux Sauce Recipe is a must-have in any kitchen. Its rich, creamy texture makes it the perfect base for various dishes, from macaroni and cheese to seafood gratins. Customize the flavor by adding your favorite herbs, spices, or cheese. The possibilities are endless with this versatile and delicious sauce.


  • ¼ cup ¼ Butter (or oil, fat drippings from roast or bacon)

  • ¼ cup ¼ Flour

Step-By-Step Directions

  • Start by melting ¼ cup of butter in a 10-inch skillet over medium-low heat. Choose a skillet that conducts heat well to ensure even cooking.
  • As the butter melts, it will start to foam. Wait for the foaming to subside before moving on to the next step.
  • Once the foaming has subsided, add ¼ cup of flour to the skillet.
  • Now, it’s time to whisk. Use a whisk to mix the flour and melted butter together. Make sure to whisk constantly to avoid any lumps from forming.
  • Keep whisking until the flour turns the desired color. This is where you can choose the type of roux you want to make
  • Cook the mixture for one to two minutes, or until it becomes pale, to make a white roux.
  • Cook for 3 minutes or until mixture is light tan to make a blond roux.
  • For a brown roux (used for making gravy), cook for 5-6 minutes until the mixture is rich brown.
  • Next, gradually add your chosen liquid to the roux, whisking continuously until smooth after each addition. The liquid can be milk, chicken or beef stock, or wine, depending on your preference and the recipe you are following.
  • After adding the liquid, season the sauce with the remaining seasoning called for in your recipe. This could include salt, pepper, herbs, or spices.
  • Finally, let the sauce simmer for a minute or two to allow the flavors to meld together.
  • Once you have followed these steps, your roux sauce will be served. Enjoy!

Recipe Video


  • For a smoother sauce, whisk continuously while adding the liquid. 
  • For a gluten-free version, substitute the flour with a gluten-free alternative. 
  • The sauce can be stored in the refrigerator for up to one week or frozen for up to three months. 
  • Remember to reheat and whisk thoroughly before serving.

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