Silky Smooth Bechamel Sauce Recipe (Effortless 10-Minute Recipe)

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Bechamel sauce Recipe is a key to creamy dishes. Made with milk, butter, and flour, it adds richness to meals. If you’re deciding to elevate your dishes, using Bechamel may help. Remember, it’s a great way to ensure your meals have a smooth texture. My advice: always use fresh ingredients. This may help achieve the best results.

Bechamel sauce is the unsung hero of many European and Middle Eastern dishes, a creamy blend that often remains in the background, enhancing flavors without demanding the spotlight. 

Bechamel Sauce

On a recent trip to France, I was reminded of its versatility when a local chef used it as the base for an exquisite mushroom tart. 

Meanwhile, the same sauce in a friend’s house in Lebanon added depth to a traditional lasagna, showcasing its cross-cultural appeal. But many need help; achieving that consistency and taste can be daunting. 

If you’re deciding to perfect your Bechamel, you’re not alone. While dining in a renowned Italian restaurant, the chef shared a tip: the key to an impeccable sauce lies in the whisking technique and patience. 

This may help. Remember, with the right guidance; you can ensure your Bechamel rivals those of world-class eateries. And my advice? Don’t be afraid to experiment; sometimes, a personal touch makes all the difference.

What Is Bechamel Sauce Recipe? 

Bechamel sauce, often called “white sauce,” is one of the five fundamental sauces in French cuisine. It’s made by whisking milk into a butter-flour mixture known as a roux. The outcome is a creamy, velvety sauce that serves as a base for many dishes. 

Bechamel is a key ingredient for making casseroles, lasagnas, or creamy soups. My advice: maintain a steady heat and stir continuously to eliminate lumps.

This ensures your sauce maintains its smooth texture. Remember, it’s a great way to add richness to various recipes.

History Of Bechamel Sauce Recipe

Bechamel sauce recipe, a cornerstone of French cuisine, traces its origins to Italy. However, its name pays homage to Louis de Béchameil, a 17th-century financier and chief steward to King Louis XIV of France. 

While de Béchameil didn’t invent the sauce, it was named in his honor, likely because of his prominent position at court. As the sauce traveled from Italy to France, it underwent adaptations, evolving into the creamy blend we recognize today. 

If you’re deciding to study the evolution of sauces, remember that many, like Bechamel, have rich histories intertwined with cultural exchange and culinary innovation.

Interesting Facts About Bechamel Sauce Recipe

  • Bechamel is one of the five “mother sauces” in classic French cuisine.
  • Despite its French fame, Bechamel’s roots are Italian, initially known as “besciamella.”
  • The sauce’s thickness can vary, leading to different names: thin (cream), medium (milk), and thick (Bechamel).
  • Bechamel is a key to many international dishes, from Greek moussaka to British pies.
  • To ensure your Bechamel is lump-free, whisking constantly is crucial.
  • Adding cheese to Bechamel creates Mornay sauce, a popular variation.
  • Nutmeg is typically a favored spice in Bechamel, enhancing its depth.
  • This sauce can be a great way to introduce kids to more complex flavors, as its mild taste is often well-received.
  • Studies show that using full-fat milk results in a richer, creamier Bechamel.
Bechamel Sauce

What Are The Regional Adaptations Of This Sauce? 

While rooted in European cuisine, Bechamel sauce has found its way globally, leading to diverse regional adaptations. In Italy, “besciamella” often accompanies lasagna and cannelloni.

Spain’s “besamel” may include onions for added depth. Greece uses it as a key to moussaka, often incorporating egg yolks for extra richness.

In the Middle East, a spiced version of Bechamel adds flair to layered casseroles. The United Kingdom typically uses it in fish pies and creamy dishes.

If you decide to travel, remember to taste local dishes with Bechamel; this may help you appreciate its versatility. My advice: embrace these regional twists; they showcase the sauce’s global appeal.

What Will Make You Love This Bechamel Sauce?

There are myriad reasons to adore Bechamel sauce recipe. Its velvety texture can transform an ordinary dish into something special. It’s the key to elevating comfort foods like lasagna and macaroni. 

The sauce’s adaptability ensures it pairs well with various ingredients, from vegetables to meats. Bechamel is a prime choice if you’re deciding on a base for a creamy soup or casserole.

Additionally, its subtle flavor means it can be enhanced with spices and herbs of your liking. Remember, it’s also a great way to introduce creaminess without overpowering other dishes’ flavors.

My advice: give Bechamel a chance in your kitchen. You may find it becomes a staple ingredient, offering many culinary possibilities.

Bechamel Sauce

Ingredients List

Butter4 tablespoons
Grated Onion2 tablespoons
All-Purpose Flour2 tablespoons
Chicken Broth1 cup
Half-and-Half1 cup
Salt1/2 teaspoon
Ground White Pepper1/4 teaspoon
Dried Thyme1 pinch
Ground Cayenne Pepper1 pinch

Ingredient Tips 

  • Ensure your butter is unsalted; this allows you to control the salt content better.
  • Freshly grate the onion to get maximum flavor.
  • Sift your all-purpose flour to eliminate lumps and achieve a smoother sauce.
  • Using homemade chicken broth can enhance the depth of flavor.
  • If you’re deciding between milk products, remember half-and-half gives a richer texture than regular milk.
  • Always use sea salt or kosher salt for a cleaner taste.
  • Freshly ground white pepper offers a milder, more delicate heat.
  • Store dried thyme in a cool, dark place to preserve its aroma.
  • A pinch of cayenne adds a gentle kick; adjust according to preference.

What Are The Variations Of Bechamel Sauce Recipe? 

Bechamel sauce, with its basic recipe, offers a canvas for multiple variations, each catering to specific dishes:

  • Mornay Sauce: By adding gruyère and parmesan, Bechamel transforms into this cheesy delight.
  • Mustard Bechamel: Incorporate mustard for an added tang.
  • Herbed Bechamel: Fresh or dried herbs like basil, oregano, or rosemary can enhance the sauce’s aromatic profile.
  • Cheese Sauce: Add cheddar or any preferred cheese, a key to many pasta dishes.
  • Curry Bechamel: Infuse curry powder or turmeric for an exotic twist.
  • Spicy Bechamel: Incorporate chili flakes or hot sauce.
  • Tomato Bechamel: Blend in tomato purée for a rosé sauce variant.
  • Garlic Bechamel: Infusing minced garlic adds depth.
  • Truffle Bechamel: Truffle oil or paste lends luxury.
Bechamel Sauce

Recipe Directions

Microwave Method

  • In a 1-quart glass measuring pitcher, melt butter in the microwave for about 1 minute at HIGH.
  • Mix in the grated onion and flour until well combined.
  • Gradually stir in the warm or room temperature chicken broth (ensure it’s NOT hot) and half-and-half.
  • Cook uncovered in the microwave for 5-6 minutes at HIGH. Remember, do NOT let it boil.
  • After 2 minutes of cooking, give the mixture a good stir. Continue to stir every 30 seconds to one minute until it reaches a medium thickness.
  • Once you achieve the desired consistency, remove the pitcher from the microwave.
  • Add in salt, white pepper, thyme, and cayenne pepper. Stir well. Serve and enjoy!

Stovetop Method

  • In a small saucepan over medium heat, melt the butter.
  • Stir in the flour, ensuring no lumps form.
  • Add the salt and white pepper to the mixture.
  • Pour in COLD half-and-half and COLD chicken broth all at once, ensuring continuous stirring.
  • Keep the heat at medium and stir frequently. Cook the mixture until it thickens.
  • Once thickened, remove the saucepan from the heat.
  • Add in your seasonings: dried thyme and ground cayenne pepper. Mix well.
  • Serve warm with your desired dish.

Scaling The Recipe

Scaling a Bechamel sauce recipe either up or down is straightforward, but there are essential tips to remember:

  • Proportions Matter: Ensure you scale every ingredient proportionally. If you double the milk, double the roux.
  • Whisking Time: As the quantity increases, whisking time may need to be extended to eliminate lumps.
  • Cooking Time: A larger quantity typically requires a longer cooking time to reach the desired thickness.
  • Taste Adjustments: Seasonings might not need to be doubled as you scale up. Always taste and adjust.
  • Storage: If scaling up, remember to have larger containers on hand.
  • Batch Cooking: Consider cooking in batches for large scales to maintain consistency.
  • Equipment: Ensure your cooking vessel is adequate for the scaled quantity.
Bechamel Sauce

Can This Sauce Be Used As A Marinade, Dipping Sauce, Or Dressing For Salads? 

Bechamel sauce, while traditionally a base or complement in dishes, is versatile. As a marinade, it’s atypical due to its thickness but can be used for creamy dishes, ensuring your protein stays moist.

As a dipping sauce, it excels, especially when infused with cheese or spices. It pairs well with bread, grilled vegetables, or meat. However, as a salad dressing, Bechamel may be too heavy and overshadow delicate greens.

Consider thinning it out or blending it with lighter ingredients if you use it this way. My advice: experiment with flavor profiles and consistency to find a way that best suits your taste. Always remember culinary innovation often yields delightful results.

What Are The Best Dishes To Accompany Bechamel Sauce? 

Bechamel sauce, with its creamy and velvety texture, is a key to enhancing various dishes.

Some of the best accompaniments include:

  • Lasagna: Layers of pasta, meat, cheese, and Bechamel create a hearty meal.
  • Moussaka: This Greek dish combines eggplant, meat, and Bechamel for a rich flavor profile.
  • Macaroni and Cheese: Bechamel ensures a creamy and smooth cheese blend.
  • Fish Pie: The sauce adds moisture and richness to the seafood mix.
  • Croque Monsieur: A French sandwich that uses Bechamel for added creaminess.
  • Cauliflower Cheese: Roasted cauliflower coated with Bechamel and baked.
  • Chicken Pot Pie: The sauce binds the filling, enhancing its creaminess.
  • Gratin: Dishes baked with a Bechamel topping.
  • Crepes: Savory fillings with Bechamel are delightful.
Bechamel Sauce

What Are Some Classic Dishes That Feature Bechamel Sauce? 

Bechamel sauce recipe is a cornerstone of many classic dishes across cuisines.

Some of these timeless creations include:

  • Lasagna: An Italian layered pasta dish with meat, cheese, and Bechamel.
  • Moussaka: A Greek favorite combining eggplant, meat, and Bechamel layers.
  • Croque Monsieur: A French toasted sandwich with ham, cheese, and a Bechamel coating.
  • Macaroni and Cheese: A comfort food staple, creamy due to Bechamel.
  • Cannelloni: Pasta tubes filled, often with ricotta, and covered with Bechamel.
  • Fish Pie: A British classic using fish, often with peas or eggs, topped with Bechamel.
  • Cauliflower Cheese: Baked cauliflower covered in Bechamel and cheese.

What Are The Key Flavor Profiles And Taste Sensations That Bechamel Sauce Offers? 

Bechamel sauce recipe brings forward a distinct yet subtle tapestry of flavors and sensations:

  • Creaminess: It offers a smooth, velvety mouthfeel, which is key to many comfort dishes.
  • Mildness: Typically, Bechamel has a gentle, neutral taste, making it a versatile base.
  • Buttery: The butter in its foundation provides a hint of richness.
  • Slightly Nutty: The cooked flour can impart a faint nutty undertone.
  • Seasonings: With added seasonings like nutmeg or white pepper, there’s a hint of warmth and spice.
  • Savory Depth: Its umami profile elevates when incorporated with broths or cheeses.
  • Subtle Sweetness: The milk and onions can provide a whisper of sweetness.
Bechamel Sauce

Can This Sauce Be Stored And Preserved For Future Use? What Is Its Shelf Life? 

Yes, Bechamel sauce can be stored for future use.

If you’re deciding to make it ahead:

  • Cooling: After cooking, let the sauce come to room temperature.
  • Refrigeration: Transfer to an airtight container and store in the refrigerator. It typically lasts for 3-4 days.
  • Freezing: Bechamel can be frozen for up to 1-2 months. Remember to leave space in the container as it may expand when frozen.
  • Reheating: Gently reheat on the stovetop, whisking continuously to retain smoothness. Microwaving is also an option, but stir frequently.
  • Shelf Life: While refrigerated, use within 4 days for the best flavor and safety.
  • Signs of Spoilage: If it smells off, has mold, or its texture changes significantly, discard it.

What Are The Substitutes For Bechamel Sauce? 

If you’re deciding to opt for an alternative to Bechamel sauce, several substitutes can fill its role depending on the dish and dietary needs:

  • Velouté Sauce: Made with stock and a white roux, it’s less rich but similarly smooth.
  • Creme Fraiche: Offers creaminess, though it’s tangier than Bechamel.
  • Silken Tofu: Blended tofu can provide a dairy-free, creamy texture.
  • Greek Yogurt: This can work, especially when a tangy touch is desired.
  • Coconut Milk: For a dairy-free, vegan option with a tropical hint.
  • Cornstarch Slurry: This provides thickness but lacks Bechamel’s richness.
  • Creamed Cauliflower: Blended cauliflower offers a health-conscious, creamy alternative.
  • Almond or Cashew Cream: Soaked and blended nuts create a creamy, dairy-free base.
Bechamel Sauce

How To Adjust The Consistency Of The Sauce? 

Adjusting the consistency of Bechamel sauce recipe is straightforward:

  • Too Thick: Gradually add more milk or broth while continuously stirring until you achieve the desired consistency.
  • Too Thin: Make a small amount of roux (butter and flour mixture) separately. Slowly whisk this into the sauce to thicken it. Cooking a bit longer can also help.
  • Smoothness: If lumps form, use a blender or immersion blender to smooth it out. Straining the sauce through a fine sieve can help, too.
  • Reheating: When reheating, the sauce may thicken. Loosen it by stirring in a splash of milk or broth.
  • Prevention: Ensure consistent whisking when combining ingredients, especially the roux, and liquids.

Should We Serve The Sauce Cold Or Warm? 

Bechamel sauce recipe is traditionally served warm. Serving it warm ensures the creamy and velvety texture is maintained, making dishes like lasagna or moussaka comforting and rich.

When warm, it melds with other ingredients, enhancing flavors in the dish. However, a cooled version may be appropriate if you’re using it as a component in dishes like cold pasta salads or sure appetizers.

In some specific recipes, a chilled Bechamel might be used to set or firm up before final preparation. My advice: always consider the final dish’s requirements.

Remember, if you’re reheating Bechamel, do it slowly and stir consistently to preserve its smooth texture.

Bechamel Sauce

Nutritional Values

Bechamel sauce, a classic French white sauce, is a creamy and rich addition to many dishes. However, it’s also relatively high in calories and fat.

A 2-tablespoon serving contains around 40-60 calories, most of which come from fat. Bechamel sauce provides a small amount of protein and calcium, but it’s primarily used as a flavor-enhancing sauce in recipes rather than as a significant source of nutrients.

Consuming in moderation can add a delightful creamy texture to dishes. 

What Are The Total Calories In Bechamel Sauce? 

The total calories in Bechamel sauce depend on its specific ingredients and their quantities. Typically, a standard Bechamel sauce with 1 cup of whole milk, 2 tablespoons of butter, and 2 tablespoons of all-purpose flour has approximately 250-300 calories.

However, variations in ingredients, such as using half-and-half or adding cheese, can influence the calorie count. Always check specific ingredient labels or use a nutritional calculator for precise caloric information.

Dietary Restrictions Of The Bechamel Sauce 

Bechamel sauce, as traditionally made, presents some dietary considerations. Here are its restrictions:

  • Dairy: Contains milk and butter, unsuitable for lactose-intolerant and dairy-allergic individuals.
  • Gluten: Made with all-purpose flour, making it off-limits for those with celiac disease or gluten sensitivity.
  • Vegan: Contains animal products (milk and butter).
  • Low-Calorie Diets: Might be too rich due to butter and milk.
  • Low-Fat Diets: Contains fats from butter and milk.
  • Low-Carb Diets: Contains carbs from flour.
  • Kosher/Halal: It might not adhere to religious dietary laws if made with specific broths.
  • Low-Sodium: Traditional recipes may contain high salt.

Nutritional Table

Nutritional Table

What Are The Common Mistakes While Making This Sauce?

Making Bechamel sauce seems simple, but there are common mistakes that can affect its outcome:

  • Incorrect Heat: Cooking at too high or too low heat can result in a sauce that needs to be more smooth and manageable.
  • Inadequate Whisking: Not whisking continuously can cause lumps to form.
  • Using Cold Roux with Hot Milk can lead to a grainy texture. It’s best to use warm milk with the roux.
  • Not Cooking the Roux: Failing to cook the roux adequately can leave a raw flour taste in the sauce.
  • Overcooking: Cooking for too long can cause the sauce to break or become overly thick.
  • Underseasoning: Bechamel needs adequate seasoning; otherwise, it can taste bland.
  • Using Old Spices: Nutmeg or pepper sitting too long can result in an off flavor.
  • Not Tasting: Not tasting the sauce as you cook means you can’t adjust the seasoning or consistency as needed.

What Are Some Creative Uses Of Leftover Sauce? 

Leftover Bechamel sauce can be innovatively repurposed:

  • Dip: Spice it up with herbs and serve with crudites or chips.
  • Pasta Topping: Mix with cooked pasta, add cheese and broil.
  • Soup Base: Use it as a creamy vegetable or chicken soup base.
  • Baked Eggs: Pour over eggs in a ramekin and bake until set.
  • Sandwich Spread: Enhance with mustard or herbs for a creamy sandwich layer.
  • Pizza Base: Use instead of tomato sauce for a white pizza variant.
  • Savory Crepes: Fill crepes and bake.
  • Casserole Binder: Mix with veggies and protein for a creamy casserole.
  • Stuffed Vegetables: Use as a filling for bell peppers or zucchini.
Bechamel Sauce

Special Tools & Equipment Needed 

For making and working with Bechamel sauce, having the following tools and equipment can enhance the process:

  • Heavy-bottomed Saucepan: Ensures even heat distribution, reducing the risk of burning.
  • Whisk: Essential for smooth sauce and to prevent lumps.
  • Wooden Spoon: Helps in stirring and prevents the sauce from sticking.
  • Sieve: Useful for straining the sauce if any lumps form.
  • Thermometer: Helps monitor the sauce’s temperature.
  • Measuring Cups & Spoons: Ensures precise ingredient quantities.
  • Microwave-Safe Pitcher: If using the microwave method.
  • Immersion Blender: For achieving an ultra-smooth consistency.
  • Heat-Resistant Spatula: Useful for scraping every bit of sauce.
  • Airtight Containers: For storing leftover sauce.

Frequently Asked Questions About Bechamel Sauce:

What Is Bechamel Sauce Made Of?

Bechamel sauce, often called “white sauce,” is primarily made from milk, butter, and flour. Seasonings like salt, white pepper, and sometimes nutmeg are added for flavor.

Can Bechamel Sauce Be Made Ahead And Stored?

Yes, you can prepare Bechamel in advance. Once made, let it cool to room temperature, then store it in an airtight container in the refrigerator for up to 3-4 days. You can freeze it for up to 1-2 months for longer storage.

Why Is My Bechamel Sauce Lumpy, And How Can I Fix It?

Lumps in Bechamel typically result from not whisking continuously or adding cold liquids too quickly. To fix it, you can strain the sauce through a sieve or use an immersion blender to smooth it out.

Can I Make A Dairy-Free Version Of Bechamel Sauce?

Absolutely! You can substitute dairy milk with almond, soy, or other non-dairy alternatives. Instead of butter, use a dairy-free margarine or oil. However, note that the flavor and texture might vary slightly.

Is Bechamel Sauce Gluten-Free?

Traditional Bechamel sauce is not gluten-free, as it uses all-purpose flour. However, you can make a gluten-free version using cornstarch or a gluten-free flour blend as a thickening agent. Ensure you adjust cooking times and methods accordingly.

Silky Smooth Bechamel Sauce Recipe (Effortless 10-Minute Recipe)

5 from 5 votes
Course: Sauces


Prep time


Cooking time




Rest Time



Bechamel sauce, often called “white sauce,” is a classic, creamy blend from French cuisine. Made primarily from milk, butter, and flour, its smooth texture and mild flavor make it a versatile base for various dishes, from lasagna to creamy soups.


  • 4 tablespoons 4 Butter

  • 2 tablespoons 2 Grated Onion

  • 2 tablespoons 2 All-Purpose Flour

  • 1 cup 1 Chicken Broth

  • 1 cup 1 Half-and-Half

  • 1/2 teaspoon 1/2 Salt

  • 1/4 teaspoon 1/4 Ground White Pepper

  • 0.3 gm 0.3 Dried Thyme

  • 0.3 gm 0.3 Ground Cayenne Pepper

Step-By-Step Directions

    Melt Butter: Place the butter in a 1-quart glass measuring pitcher and melt it in the microwave oven for approximately 1 minute at HIGH.
    Add Onion and Flour: Add the grated onion to the melted butter and mix. Then, stir in the flour until well combined.
    Incorporate Liquids: Gradually pour the chicken broth in the warm (not hot) and half-and-half into the pitcher, ensuring you’re stirring constantly to maintain a smooth mixture.
    Microwave Cooking: Cook the mixture uncovered in the microwave for 5-6 minutes at HIGH. Be cautious not to bring it to a boil.
    Stir Regularly: After the first 2 minutes of cooking, stir the mixture. Continue to stir every 30 seconds to one minute to prevent lump formation and ensure even cooking.
    Season and Serve: Remove the sauce from the microwave once it is medium thickness. Add your desired seasonings, stir it well, and it’s ready to serve. Enjoy!
    Melt Butter: Melt the butter in a small saucepan over medium heat.
    Incorporate Flour and Seasonings: Stir in the flour until a smooth paste (roux) forms. Then, season with salt and white pepper, mixing well.
    Add Liquids: Pour the COLD half-and-half and COLD chicken broth into the saucepan, stirring consistently to prevent lumps.
    Cook the Sauce: On medium heat, stir the mixture frequently. Keep an eye on the consistency; once it thickens, it’s almost done.
    Final Seasoning: Remove the saucepan from the heat and add any desired seasonings. Stir well, ensuring even distribution of flavors.

Recipe Video


  • The consistency of Bechamel can be adjusted to fit different culinary needs: thin for soups, medium for casseroles, and thick for gratins.
  • Seasonings like nutmeg or white pepper are often added, but its neutral profile allows various flavor adaptations.
  • Always cook on a gentle heat and whisk continuously to avoid lumps.
  • Fresh ingredients, especially milk and butter, are crucial for the best outcome.

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